Ser & Estar (To Be)

By SpanishGram

There are two equivalents of the verb “to be” in Spanish: Ser and Estar. They are used to indicate the fallowing in Spanish:

serestar
posessioncurrent condition
nationalitylocation
origin 
marital status 
material that things are made out of 
main characteristics 
expression of time and date 
profession 

Ser in the present simple tense

pronounverbtranslation
yosoyI am
eresyou are
él, ella – ustedeshe, she, it is – you are (formal)
nosotrossomoswe are
vosotrossoisyou are (plural)
ellos, ellas – ustedessonthey are – you are (formal plural)

Examples

Yo soy americanoI am American
eres mi amigoYou are my friend
El es inglesHe is English
Nosotros somos estudiantesWe are students
Vosotros sois de CaliforniaYou are (plural) from California
Ellos son delgadosThey are thin

Estar in the present simple tense

pronounverbtranslation
yoestoyI am
estásyou are
él, ella – ustedestáhe, she, it is – you are (formal)
nosotrosestamoswe are
vosotrosestáisyou are (plural)
ellos, ellas – ustedesestánthey are – you are (formal plural)

Examples

Yo estoy cansadaI am tired
estás listoYou are ready
Ella está cerca She is near
Nosotros estamos aquíWe are here
Vosotros estáis enfermosYou are (plural) sick
Ellos están hablandoThey are speaking