Quantitative Adjectives in Spanish


Quantitative adjectives, or “Adjetivos cuantitativos” in Spanish, are words that provide information about the quantity, extent, or number of a noun in a sentence. They help specify the amount of something and contribute to a more detailed expression of ideas. These adjectives play a crucial role in describing the characteristics of nouns in terms of how much or how many. In Spanish, quantitative adjectives can vary based on gender, number, and context, adding an extra layer of detail to the language. Don’t forget to go through the gender and number agreement in Spanish page if you need to.

Types of Quantitative Adjectives in Spanish

Cardinal Numbers: Represent precise quantities.

(You can go to the full list of cardinal and ordinal numbers in Spanish page by clicking here)

Examples: Uno (one), dos (two), cien (one hundred).

Usage Example: Compro un libro (I buy one book).

Ordinal Numbers: Indicate the order or sequence of elements.

Examples: Primero (first), segundo (second), vigésimo (twentieth).

Usage Example: El primer día del mes (The first day of the month).

Multiplicative Numbers: Express the number of times something occurs.

Examples: Doble (double), triple (triple), cuádruple (quadruple).

Usage Example: Necesito el doble de espacio (I need double the space).

Practical Examples:

Cardinal Numbers:

  • Singular: Compro un regalo (I buy one gift).
  • Plural: Hay veinte estudiantes en la clase (There are twenty students in the class).

Ordinal Numbers:

  • Singular: El primer capítulo es fascinante (The first chapter is fascinating).
  • Plural: Los últimos días del mes son ocupados (The last days of the month are busy).

Multiplicative Numbers:

  • Singular: Necesito el doble de espacio (I need double the space).
  • Plural: Hay triple diversión en esa fiesta (There is triple fun at that party)

Frequently Used Quantitative Adjectives in Spanish

Here are some of the most used quantitative adjectives in Spanish:

Mucho, Mucha, Muchos, Muchas (much, many):

  • Example: Tengo muchos amigos (I have many friends).

Poco, Poca, Pocos, Pocas (little, few):

  • Example: Hay pocas oportunidades como esta (There are few opportunities like this).

Bastante (enough- quite a lot):

  • Example: Tenemos bastante comida para todos (We have enough food for everyone).

Alguno, Alguna, Algunos, Algunas (some, any):

  • Example: ¿Tienes alguna pregunta? (Do you have any questions?).
    • Example: Quiero algunos dulces (I want some candies).

Ningún, Ninguna (no, none):

  • Example: No tengo ningún plan para hoy (I have no plans for today).

Todo, Toda, Todos, Todas (each, every, all):

  • Example: Todo americano lo sabe (Every American knows it).
    • Example: Todas las noches estudio español (Every night I study Spanish).

Unos, Unas (some):

  • Example: Unos gatos son mejores cazadores que otros (Some cats are better hunters than others).
    • Example: Compro unas flores para mi madre (I buy some flowers for my mother).

Varios, Varias (several):

  • Example: Javier tiene varios coches (Javier has several cars).
    • Example: Hay varias razones para aprender español (There are several reasons to learn Spanish).

Cada (each, every):

  • Example: Cada estudiante recibe un premio (Each student receives an award).
    • Example: Visitamos una ciudad diferente cada año (We visit a different city every year).

Demasiado, Demasiada, Demasiados, Demasiadas (too much, too many):

  • Example: Como demasiado pastel (I eat too much cake).
    • Example: Hay demasiadas reglas en este juego (There are too many rules in this game).

Tips for Learners:

A. Gender and Number Agreement: Pay meticulous attention to gender and number agreement when using quantitative adjectives.

B. Context Matters: Consider the context to determine whether to use singular or plural forms.