Descriptive Adjectives in Spanish


Understanding Descriptive Adjectives:

Descriptive adjectives (Adjetivos Descriptivos) serve the purpose of adding qualities or characteristics to nouns, enhancing the details of the subject being described. In English, we use words like “happy,” “blue,” or “tall” to provide additional information about a person, place, or thing. Similarly, in Spanish, descriptive adjectives play a crucial role in painting a more complete picture.

Agreement in Gender and Number:

One distinctive feature of Spanish descriptive adjectives is their agreement with the gender and number of the noun they modify. This means that the adjective must match the gender (masculine or feminine) and number (singular or plural) of the noun.

Masculine SingularFeminine SingularMasculine PluralFeminine Plural
ExamplesEl chico alto
Tall Boy
La chica alta
Tall Girl
Los chicos altos
Tall Children (Boys and Girls or Boys)
Las chicas altas
Tall Girls
Gender and number agreement in Spanish descriptive adjectives –

Common Descriptive Adjectives:

Physical Descriptions:


  • Una montaña alta (A tall mountain)
  • El sol brillante (The shining sun)
  • Ojos azules (Blue eyes)

Personality Traits:


  • Un perro amigable (A friendly dog)
  • Una persona inteligente (An intelligent person)
  • Un profesor paciente (A patient teacher)



  • Un vestido rojo (A red dress)
  • El cielo anaranjado (The orange sky)
  • Flores amarillas (Yellow flowers)



  • Una casa pequeña (A small house)
  • El coche grande (The big car)
  • Árboles altos (Tall trees)



  • Un hombre joven (A young man)
  • La abuela vieja (The old grandmother)

Positioning of Descriptive Adjectives:

In Spanish, descriptive adjectives typically follow the noun they modify, which is different from English where adjectives often precede the noun.

English: A beautiful garden

Spanish: Un jardín hermoso (A garden beautiful)